Celebrating Women's History Month: Dr. Patricia Goldman-Rakic

Goldman-Rakic was the first to discover and describe the circuitry of the prefrontal cortex and its relationship to working memory. Before Goldman-Rakic, scientists thought that the higher cognitive functions of the prefrontal cortex were beyond the scope of scientific study. Goldman-Rakic's research showed that methods employed to study the sensory cortices could be adapted to the highest order prefrontal cortical areas, revealing the circuit basis for higher cognitive function.[10] Because of Goldman-Rakic, scientists began to better understand the neurobiological basis of higher cognitive function, and of such disorders as schizophreniaAlzheimer'sAttention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), cerebral palsyParkinson's disease, and dementia.She co-authored over 300 scholarly articles and co-edited 3 books.[4] She was the founder of the Cerebral Cortex Journal, a specialized publication by Oxford Press.
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